# Generalised geometry #4: The Courant bracket and the Jacobiator

The Courant bracket In addition to the generalised tangent bundle, the next fundamental structure of generalised geometry is the bilinear, skew-symmetric bracket called the Courant bracket. The Courant bracket is defined on the sections of $latex {E = TM \oplus T^{\star}M}&fg=000000$ such that it is the generalised analogue of a standard Lie bracket for vector-fields …

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# Tameness and Quantum Field Theory

A paper by Michael R. Douglas, Thomas W. Grimm, and Lorenz Schlechter appeared on the archive yesterday. Admittedly, I haven't had time yet to properly work through it. From what I quickly skimmed last night, the paper mainly concentrates on the notion of tameness and how tame classes of functions can be applied in the …

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# Number theory in physics

This summer I was expecting to be working mainly on an extended field theory and geometry project as well as pushing toward the conclusion of a study on double sigma models. But somewhat unexpectedly I've found myself also working on some interesting things at the interface of number theory and physics. It has to do …

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When doing generalised linear algebra, we want to study transformations that preserve the canonical pairing from the last note (of signature $latex {O(d,d)}&fg=000000$): $latex \displaystyle O(V \oplus V^{\star}) = \{A \in GL(V \oplus V^{\star}): \langle A_v, A_w \rangle = \langle v, w \rangle \ \text{for all} \ v,w \in V \oplus V^{\star}. \} \ \ … Continue reading Generalised geometry #3: Symmetries # Generalised geometry #2: Generalised vector space and bilinear form Generalised linear algebra In the first note we introduced one of the fundamental structures of generalised geometry, namely the generalised tangent bundle$latex {E \simeq TM \oplus T^{\star}M}&fg=000000$. In the extension of the standard tangent bundle$latex {TM}&fg=000000$to$latex {TM \oplus T^{\star}M}&fg=000000$, we are simultaneously extending linear algebra to some notion of generalised linear … Continue reading Generalised geometry #2: Generalised vector space and bilinear form # Generalised geometry #1: Generalised tangent bundle 1. Introduction The motivation for generalised geometry as first formulated in [Hitc03], [Hitc05], and [Gual04] was to combine complex and symplectic manifolds into a single, common framework. In the sense of Hitchin's formulation, which follows Courant and Dorfman, generalised geometry has deep application in physics since emphasis is placed on adapting description of the physical … Continue reading Generalised geometry #1: Generalised tangent bundle # Mathematical language of duality As we've discussed at various times on this blog, many of the most important recent developments in string / M-theory are based on duality relations. Physical insight is quite ahead of mathematics in this regard. But, in the last decade or two, mathematics has started to properly formulate a language of duality that, on first … Continue reading Mathematical language of duality # The language of morphisms and the notion of a diagram In category theory, different types of notation are common. Ubiquitous and important in the formalism is diagram notation. I like to think of it as follows: the diagram finds natural expression in category theory because, as emphasised in the first entry of my notes, in approaching the idea of a category$latex \mathcal{C} &fg=000000 &s=2\$ …

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# Introduction to category theory

This is the first entry in my notes on category theory, higher category theory, and, finally, higher structures. The main focus of my notes, especially as the discussion advances, is application in string / M-theory, concluding with an introduction to the study of higher structures in M-theory. We start with basic category theory roughly following …

Continue reading Introduction to category theory # Jensen Polynomials, the Riemann-zeta Function, and SYK

A new paper by Michael Griffin, Ken Ono, Larry Rolen, and Don Zagier appears to have a made some intriguing steps when it comes to the Riemann Hypothesis (RH). The paper is titled, 'Jensen polynomials for the Riemann zeta function and other sequences'. The preprint originally appeared in arXiv [arXiv:1902.07321 [math.NT]] in February 2019. It …

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